On June 3rd 2015 a Dutch airstrike on an Islamic State munitions plant in the industrial area of Hawija, (Kirkuk governorate, Iraq), resulted in the death of at least 70 civilians. Through joint research with PAX, we will investigate the material, socio-economic, and possible blowback effects of the bombing. The main objective of the project for the IRW programme is to evaluate what this airstrike meant to civilians and communities and how it figures in collective imaginations of war and violence. These include stories of loss, personal victimhood and suffering, perpetrators and enemies, remembering and forgetting, and blame and accountability. In what way do these imaginations feed into repertoires of contention and increase the possibility of unintended negative consequences for the Netherlands?